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How to store more carbon in the soil during climate change

Researchers from Cornell University, Ohio State University, Technical University of Munich, and the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station are using synchrotron light to study how moisture affects soil carbon - an important ingredient for healthy crops and fertile fields. "Because of climate change, the Earth is warming and humidity events are becoming more dramatic," said Itamar Shabtai, a science assistant at the Connecticut Agricultural...

Climate change will force big shift in the timing, amount of snowmelt across the Colorado River Basin

New research predicts that changes in mountain snowmelt will shift peak streamflows to much earlier in the year for the vast Colorado River Basin. It will alter reservoir management and irrigation across the entire region. The basin stretches from sea level at the Gulf of California...

How hybrid plant varieties could address the challenges of food security and climate change

Hybrid agricultural and horticultural crops can play an important role in supporting global food security. They produce higher yields and are often more resistant than non-hybrid varieties to diseases and climate stress. Maize is a globally very important crop and the use of hybrid...

Study reveals new way to reconstruct past climate on Mars

A study led by a Monash University geologist has provided fresh evidence for when high rates of erosion occurred throughout the history of Mars. The study was published in Geology date when climate was far more erosive in Mars' past with the implication that there were sustained periods...

New research on Pacific climate pattern may lead to improved cyclone forecasting

El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) which is the climate pattern involving warming or cooling sea surface temperatures in the Pacific has immense influence on the formation of tropical cyclones globally. A new study involving Florida Tech shows that in the Bay of Bengal is a...

A recorder of weather scale precipitation eventsisLand snail shell

Extreme weather events can exert profound impacts on society, economy and the environment. Short instrumental data limits our understanding of their mechanism and the evaluation of climate models. The time resolution in traditional paleoclimate studies is usually in months or even longer time.It makes it impossible to reveal extreme weather...