The Gangdese porphyry copper deposit belt (GPCDB) is along the southern margin of Lhasa Terrane. The deposits of GPCDB were formed in the Miocene after the India-Eurasia collision. The genesis of these porphyry copper deposits is controversial.
Jiama is a giant porphyry-skarn Cu-polymetallic deposit in the GPCDB. Granite porphyry is the main magmatic rocks in the deposit. Clarifying the origin of granite porphyry is crucial for understanding mineralization.
Scientists combined geochronology, geochemical and isotopic studies of the granite porphyry in the Jiama deposit. A research team led by Prof. Sun Weidong from the Institute of Oceanology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences provided firm constraint on the petrogenesis of granite porphyry and mineralization potential. The study was published in Journal of Geochemical Exploration.
Zircon U-Pb dating indicated that the granite porphyry and other felsic porphyries in the Jiama deposit mainly formed during the 15–16 Ma magmatic pulse events. The formation age of felsic porphyries is consistent with the metallogenic age.
The researchers found that all the felsic magmatic rocks in the Jiama deposit had a similar and narrow variation range of ISr, by compiling the previously published and newly obtained Sr-Nd isotope data. This indicates that they had an identical magma source.
The zircon Hf-O isotopic compositions suggested their homologous properties as well. All the isotopic data suggested that these felsic porphyries were derived from an identical relatively depleted magma source.
The Sr-Nd isotope two end-member mixing modeling indicated that these porphyries might have originated from melts of juvenile lower crust mixing with a small amount of ultrapotassic magma.