Researchers led by Dr. Zhou Xinping from Yunnan Observatories of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and their collaborators have found solid evidence of coronal waves excited by flares.
Their study was published in The Astrophysical Journal Letters. The study result implies that the broad extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) wave train. It includes multiple wave fronts. It should be driven by some nonlinear energy release processes in the accompanying flare.
It is generally believed that the single, diffused and bright disturbance is a fast-mode piston shock and bow shock driven by a coronal mass ejection (CME)’s expansion.Although this scenario can explain many observational features of the large-scale coronal waves. It is hard to distinguish whether a particular EUV wave is driven by a CME or ignited by a flare because the CME acceleration phase generally synchronizes with the flare’s impulsive phase.
Using the high Spatio-temporal imaging observations from Solar Dynamics Observatory/Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (SDO/AIA), Zhou Xinping and his collaborators found that a broad EUV wave train composed multiple large-scale wave fronts. This wave train is difficult to explain using the CME lateral expansion theory.
They found that the physical parameters of the wave train, such as speed, amplitude and energy flux were consistent with the classical large-scale EUV wave. The analysis result showed that the CME acceleration phase’s beginning time was behind the first wave front’s appearance.
The beginning time of the wave train was slightly behind the onset of the accompanying flare. They were combined with the above observational fact and the common period between the accompanying flare and wave train. The researchers proposed that the flare rather than the CME triggered the wave train.
This study may provide a reliable case for supporting the flare-driven mechanism of the EUV waves. It also provides the first evidence of the interference effect of EUV waves. They suggested the true wave nature of the observed disturbance.