In California’s mandatory residential food waste recycling program, banana peels, chicken bones and leftover veggies have no place in California trashcans. This step has been taken as food waste damages the atmosphere as it decays. As food waste breaks down as emit methane.
To stop this methane emission California govt has decided to convert residents’ food waste into compost or energy. People of California will be tossing their excess food into green waste bins and municipalities will use it to make biogas or compost.
Study shows that food waste plays a vital role in damaging the environment. In California 40% of food is wasted. France and some other nations have already passed laws for grocery stores, where they have to donate excess food to charities. But California targeted towards households.
California has passed this law in 2016 and targeted to reduce methane emission from discarded food. According to CalRecycle, food waste is the fifth most important reason for carbon emission.
This law will be effective from January. All trash services need to have food recycling programs. Grocery stores need to donate edible food.
Before California, Vermont has also affected this law upon its citizens. Vermont has banned residents from throwing their food waste. Residents are also free to compost the waste in their yards too.
California govt has also allowed homeowners and apartment dwellers to compost their excess food in their yard.
Food waste will be composted and will be turned into energy through anaerobic digestion. This digestion is a process that creates biogas for heating and electricity.